Tuesday, November 10, 2015

Be a Team Player: Understand Your BJJ Teammates

I cannot think of a sport besides Brazilian jiu jitsu that brings so many different people together for the same reason. I’ve seen lawyers, doctors, teachers, men, and women all training on the mats. Look around at the faces you see at your gym. Do you understand why your teammates or students are there? If you understand why they started and what they want accomplish, it will help you become a better teammate.

The Importance of Team Chemistry

In Brazilian jiu jitsu (BJJ), you compete as an individual, but train as a team.Building a team starts with getting to know your students and understanding their motives.

In team sports, coaches strive to build chemistry – a term used to describe the bond or interaction each individual has on the team. A team with good chemistry is often able to beat other teams that look better on paper. In BJJ, the chemistry of a team is built by creating a training environment where students work together regardless of their reasons for training. Nothing destroys a training environment more than individuals who think they are more important than their teammates.

Below is a list of the most common reasons people start training. Do you see anyone you recognize? Understanding what drives a teammate to train is the first step to motivating him or her and fostering a fantastic group dynamic.

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Friday, August 21, 2015

Assessment of Injuries During Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Competition


Background: Brazilian jiu-jitsu (BJJ) is a unique style of martial arts with rapid growth in the United States and internationally. Although studies have examined injuries in other martial arts and combat sports, to date, no published medical study has examined injuries in BJJ competitions.

Purpose: (1) To estimate the incidence of injuries in BJJ competitions and (2) to identify and describe the types and mechanisms of injuries associated with competitive BJJ. Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study.

Methods: Injury data were obtained from records of on-site medical coverage at 8 statewide BJJ tournaments in Hawaii, USA, between 2005 and 2011.

Results: The identified injury incidence on the day of matches was 9.2 per 1000 exposures (46 injuries out of 5022 exposures, ie, match participations). Orthopaedic injuries were the most common and accounted for 78% of all injuries (n = 36), followed by costochondral or rib injuries (n = 7) and lacerations requiring medical care (n = 3). The elbow was found to be the joint most commonly injured during BJJ competitions, with the arm bar being the most common mechanism. We propose that this BJJ-specific injury mechanism, the “arm bar,” be recognized as another mechanism of hyperextension injury to the elbow in sports.

Conclusion: Comparison of the BJJ injury data with injury data reported for judo, taekwondo, wrestling, and mixed martial arts showed that BJJ competitors were at substantially lower risk of injury compared with these other sports. With orthopaedic injuries being most common and the elbow being the area most vulnerable to injury in BJJ, it is important that participants, referees, and physicians be properly educated about the unique mechanisms of injury that can occur, particularly to the elbow.

Full text: http://m.ojs.sagepub.com/content/2/2/2325967114522184.full